[Surah Al-Qalam 68:4]
The Prophet ﷺ lived most of his early forty years in Makkah except that he traveled to a few cities for a short time. When he declared his Prophethood, a chaos erupted in Makkah and the people got offended. Only a few people accepted Islam and among those few , were Abu Bakr and Ali (May Allah be pleased with them). The new reverts were facing a tough time; some were even beaten black and blue and a lot of pressure was applied to make them leave Islam. Bilal, Khabbab bin Arat, Summaiya and Yasir (May Allah be pleased with them all) were few of them who underwent a difficult time. The Prophet ﷺ too underwent hardship but the enemies could not dare anything beyond a few harsh words and some scuffles because he was from a high profile family.
One family, Yasir, his wife Summaiya and his son Ammar had embraced Islam. When the leaders of Makkah came to know about them, they tied up all the three and kept on hitting them on regular basis but they refused to leave Islam. One day the Prophet ﷺ passed by them when he saw the family being tortured. They requested him to pray for ease for them. He gave them glad tidings, “O family of Yasir! Allah has fixed up an honourable position in Jannah (for you).”
Another well-known poor person who was tortured by the pagan leaders of Makkah, was Khabbab bin Aratt (MayAllah be pleased with him). He used to be put on the hot burning coals and there was no one to stop the atrocities. The torture used to be so severe that the fire used to get extinguished with the fat of his belly. It was then, that the Prophet ﷺ suggested that they should migrate to Abyssinia as he had heard that the ruler there was a good person and was open minded. He was well-known for his justice. The first batch that migrated to Abyssinia, had eighty people including a few women. Abdullah bin Masud, Jafar bin Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with them) were amongst them. The migrants settled in Abyssinia and were safe.