"And you are truly ˹a man˺ of outstanding character"
[Surah Al-Qalam 68:4]
[Surah Al-Qalam 68:4]
The route of the invitation to Islam by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ first passed through the establishment of an excellent character.
Zubair ibn Muteem ibn Adi had still not accepted Islam at that time. He narrated ,“One day, I noticed Mohammed ﷺ sitting near the Kabah, dejectedly.
Bad or inferior Akhlaq (character) causes a huge damage to the society by uprooting relations and increasing atrocities.
Whether it’s being a miser, a spendthrift, or a womanizer, this all is equivalent to being a slave to your own desires. This list also includes greed and laziness.
Anger causes a person to be rude, abusive, harsh and ruthless, even towards his family; wife, children and parents as well. Islam encourages its followers to swallow their anger.
Ibrahim refers to the Biblical Abraham who is honoured as the father of the two races, the Jews and the Arabs. The above words of the supplication of Abraham quoted in Qur’an are worth noting.
An excellent Akhlaq (character) is a part of prophethood and establishing the same excellence in the Muslim community is included in the mission.
Lessons in Islamic Character Building -Husn akhlaq is more than just pardoning and overlooking of faults
It is said that Hassan ibn Ali (May Allah be pleased with them) was slightly short tempered. Once he was performing wudhu and his slave was pouring water for him.
The Prophet ﷺ once said, “There will be three offices on the day of Qiyamah where each human will have to pass through.
The story below is from Bukhari, narrated by the Prophet ﷺ, which elaborates this method. Read this story like a school book and then note the lessons that it provides.
A very interesting story from the Indian war of independence stands out as a milestone about Islamic Akhlaq (character); It shows how saving the life of a British lady and preserving her modesty and chastity, helped to save their own lives.
There was a dispute between Muslims and and Hindus over a land in Muzaffarnagar. This was during the times of British rule.
A very prominent Jewish scholar Ka’ab bin Ahbab had embraced Islam, soon after the Prophet (peace be upon him) passed away. Umar bin al-Khattab used to respect him a lot.
Zaid ibn Sa’ana was a prominent Jewish scholar, who lived in Madinah during the time of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ . He said: I have read a lot of our religious scriptures.
While the prominent Jews were embracing Islam after confirming the signs of Prophethood, well known figures of Christian community ,too, were amongst those who embraced Islam.
A person should correct his own self before trying to correct others. The biggest hurdle in the path to excellence in conduct (good Akhlaq) is overlooking one’s own weakness and errors while exaggerating (magnifying) the weaknesses of others.
The subject of the first verses and early Surahs of Qur'an that were revealed upon the Prophet (peace be upon him), was character building. His wife, Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) asked him about the beginning of the divine revelation.
The character of the Prophet ﷺ was constantly being improved, after being honored with the status of Prophethood. He was excellent in Akhlaq (conduct)
Although idol worship was widespread in pagan Arabia, there was a small number of people who still clung to the Abrahamic faith, in whatever form it was available.Waraqa bin Naufal was one of prominent monotheist of pagan Arabia.
Zaid bin Amr used to worship Allah without associating any partners with Him. He used to prostrate for a long time weeping while supplicating.
In the pagan Makkah, daughters were buried alive but Zaid used to keep daughters alive. The term used for burying daughter by her own father is Mow’uda.
Thumama ibn Uthal was a staunch disbeliever and idol worshipper. He was the chieftain of Banu Hanifah Najd. The present Riyadh and its surrounding areas were once known as Najd.
After being set free in a noble manner, Thumama (May Allah be pleased with him) became a Muslim and he received a glad tiding of success in this world and hereafter, from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.
Today most of the Non-Muslims know that Mohammed (peace be upon him) is the Prophet of Allah.
There are two phases of Faith; Ilm e Yaqeen (knowledge with certainty) and Ainul Yaqeen (Accepting with certainty)
In the days of the Prophet ﷺ, Hijrah, the migration from Makkah was declared as compulsory. It was an exceptionally difficult task for the early Muslims, even if they belonged to rich families.
Consider this: a person is fasting. To others, it looks like he is hungry and thirsty but secretly he is eating and drinking because he cannot control his desire to eat.
Shuffaya ibn Mat’e al-As’bahi was one of the Tabe’in. He narrates his experience: “I left for Madinah for the first time and was worried about the place as I was a stranger there so I prayed to Allah to give me good company during my stay.
A tradition narrated by Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) - Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had been accompanying a caravan from Quraish.
Golden Pages from the Islamic History -Why the Ruler of Rome feared to Embrace the Religion of Muhammad ﷺ inspite of recognizing it to be true?
"Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of llya' (Jerusalem) and Heraclius was the head of the Christians of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrates that once while Heraclius was visiting ilya' (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning in a bad mood.
Every divine book, previous to Qur’an, had a discussion about the noble manners of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and many rulers showed up the courage to accept Islam.
The study of the Prophet’s Akhlaq (character) is not only meant to gain knowledge about him but also to adopt these noble characteristics in one’s own life.
One of the reasons to avoid retaliation or taking revenge is facing the justice of Allah on the Day of Qiyamah where each action and every deed of ours would be judged.
Once the Prophet ﷺ dreamt that he was performing Umrah. Makkah was still under the control of Pagan Quraish.
The group of munafiqeen (hypocrites: those who seemingly embraced Islam but actually did not believe in Allah Almighty) always looked for an opportunity to disturb the Messenger of Allah and his Companions.
The above two verses are from Surah al A'raf which is a Madni Surah. During the Madni Period, the Muslims were gaining influence, yet they were restrained from taking revenge and were told to forgive or pardon.
The day when Khaibar was conquered, there was a famous swordsman in the enemy camp, Murhab, a Jew, who was well known to be able to fight with 200 fighters.
During the victory at Makkah, the Muslims were ten thousand in number and not a single enemy could escape from Makkah, as they were outnumbered Amongst the many enemies was Hinda,
Enjoining Good and Avoiding (Arguments with) Fools; Attributes of Akhlaq (character) of Prophets of Allah
The above verses introduce several attributes of Akhlaq (character) of Prophets of Allah. Besides a forgiving nature, commanding the good is a duty.
In Islamic context, repelling evil means tolerance and generosity towards evil behaviour.
A delegation arrived from Bahrain along with their chieftain, Ashad to meet the Prophet ﷺ. Ashad was a nickname because he had a head injury due to which there was a bald spot on his head.
During 1857 war of Independence in India, many Muslims were killed by the invading British. For some time, the tables were turned and the British were being hunted and killed around Delhi.
Five qualities of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ have been mentioned in the Books of Jews and Christians and later in the Qur’an as well, which can easily eradicate problems faced in any society very efficiently.
Abdullah ibn Amr bin Al-As (May Allah be pleased with him), was a young companion amongst the companions of the Prophet who recorded the highest number of Hadith.
Three Qualities of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ mentioned in the Books of Ahlul Kitab (People of the Books or Scripture)
Abdullah ibn Amr bin Al-As (May Allah be pleased with him) once presented a verse from the books of Ahlul Kitab which mentions 16 attributes of the Prophet ﷺ.
The Torah announced that Allah has named Muhammad ﷺ as Mutawakkil- One who puts his trust only in Allah under all circumstances.
Throughout their lives, Prophet Ibrahim and Ismail (peace be upon them) promoted Touhid. After their death, as years passed by, evil practices spread out in Makkah though Touhid was intact.
Once we were sitting with the Prophet ﷺ and he asked me to recite something from the Qur’an. I was shocked to be honored with such a request.
One of the qualities of the Prophet ﷺ is that he was unlettered (illiterate), yet he was a teacher for the entire mankind.
The Arabs used to bury their daughters alive because of apathy and the social stigma related to the birth of daughters.
The above mentioned verse gives testimony of the Qur’an that the advent of Prophet Mohammed ﷺ had been foretold in the Injeel.
There is an incident mentioned in the books of Seerah (The Biography of the Prophet). When the hostility of the Makkans grew worse, the Prophet ﷺ permitted a batch of Muslims to migrate to Abyssinia.
The Prophet ﷺ sent letters of invitation to Islam to the rulers of other countries along with Dihya bin Khalifah al-Kalbi . The Companion went to the Roman empire, too.
The six duties that the much Awaited Prophet would carry out according to Ahlul Kitab (People of the Book[s])
The Jews and the Christian had been claiming: “We are waiting for the prophet about whom we read in our religious books.”
“So they who have believed in him honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him - it is those who will be successful”
Ya’la, a Companion notes a narration which is classified as Sahih by many scholars: “Once we were traveling with the Prophet ﷺ. I experienced amazing miracles in his company.
The Prophet ﷺ was mercy for all, hence it is expected that all of his followers would be merciful and kind to others.
We were traveling with the Prophet ﷺ and he took a break at a place. He went to attend the call of nature. One Companion noticed a fowl and ran to chase it.
Imam Ibn Saad narrates in his book of Hadith. Musyib ibn Darr said, “Umar ibn Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) once caught a camel owner and punished him with whipping.
Prophet Mohammed ﷺ was blessed with an inborn noble character. Allah also taught him more through His revelations and inculcated great habits.
The below-mentioned story has been mentioned by Moulana Abul Kalam Azad, a noted Indian scholar, and India’s first Education Minister.
Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) was the first person to embrace Islam. When he was appointed as a Khalifa, many people among the needy and the helpless, started weeping.
The Prophet ﷺ was a resident of Makkah and he was also from a reputed family, Bani Hashim. Initially, the Kabah, when built by Prophet Ibrahim ﷺ was a rectangular, unroofed structure that wasn’t too high.
An excellent Akhlaq (character) remains incomplete without fulfilling the rights of Allah completely. The rights of Allah can be summarised as:
It is difficult for a person to part with his wealth because he is insecure about the future and has ambitions of using his wealth for future use.
Hasan ibn Ali (May Allah be pleased with him), was the grandson of our Prophet ﷺ. Once his slave walked into the gathering of Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him) where he was narrating Ahadeeth.